Howdy Readers and Bloggers out there in Blogger Land
Today, as you can probably tell from the title, we will be discussing Australian ‘Acid’ Frogs. Firstly, I want you to picture a certain scenario in your mind. Picture four frog species that, when you blend them in a device known as a ‘Blender’, you get an ‘acid’ thickshake that, once consumed, takes you to a place of magical lepricons and flying cows.
Have you pictured this? If you have, then you are indeed a sick puppy. ‘Acid’ frogs are not called ‘acid’ frogs because of their hallucinogenic properties. They are termed ‘acid’ frogs because they are associated with ‘acidic’ water where the pH ranges (at least along the east coast of Australia) between 3.5 – 5.0. To put this into perspective, drinking water is about pH 7; which is neutral.
Australian ‘acid’ frogs occur along the eastern coast of Australia between Fraser Island, Queensland, and Jervis Bay, New South Wales. These species will occur in ‘wallum’ heath and the waterbodies in which they occur will be low in nutrients.
The primary threat to all ‘acid’ frogs species in Australia is loss of habitat due to development of land for residential, agricultural or infrastructure purposes. These threats are increased due to these species being located in an area with some of the highest human growth rate in Australia. Additional threats include disease, chemicals, alteration to the hydrology (as a vast majority of ‘acid’ frog species populations occur within ephemeral waterbodies) and introduced species (especially translocation of fish ; i.e. Gambusia holbrooki (Mosquito fish)).
The primary threat (habitat destruction) is focused outside of national parks and reserves. Therefore, the populations that occur within national parks or reserves are protected and, based on past research, population numbers are stable. Regardless of this, it is still important to conserve every single ‘acid’ frog species population that you can based on the ‘Deaths by a Thousand Cuts’ principle (I will post a ‘Rambling’ about this at a later date for those that do not know of this principle).
This is probably enough information about ‘acid’ frogs for now as I need to get back to completing my Masters Thesis. I will finish by telling you the four acid frog species and providing links to additional information websites if you wish to find out more.
1) Litoria olongburensis – http://www.frogsaustralia.net.au/frogs/display.cfm?frog_id=172
2) Litoria cooloolensis – http://www.frogsaustralia.net.au/frogs/display.cfm?frog_id=142